Opportunities And Challenges Facing Africa In The Development Of Key Export Sectors Under The WTO Agreement - A Focus On Mining, Manufacturing And Services

"This paper considers the position in Africa of the mining, manufacturing and services sectors, specifically: Their performance and growth potential; the constraints to market access that confront them when output and exports are expanded; The key elements of the WTO agreements that inhibit the development of these sectors in African economies, specifically the constraints placed on the ability of governments to implement policy measures in support of national development strategies. A major theme of the paper is that the access to markets, which is what the WTO agreements are primarily about, is not the major constraint on the diversified and sustainable growth of the typical or "average" African economy."