Non-State Social Protection in Ethiopia: Characteristics and Dimensions

The contribution of Non-State Social Protection (NSSP), with a long history in Ethiopia, has not been systematically researched and recognized. The primary objective of this study therefore, is to investigate the characteristics and dimensions of NSSP in Ethiopia. The characteristics are explained by forms and functions of NSSP and dimensions are explained by the organizational and accountability mechanisms and interaction with the state actors and relevance to policy formulation. The study found, overall, that non-state social protection (NSSP) in Ethiopia continues to play a critical role in supporting the vulnerable people in both rural and urban areas of the country. Therefore, the government and donor agencies should recognize this contribution and provide the necessary technical support to enhance their contribution to social protection policy and programing.