Mozambique's 2004 General Elections

"The period around the turn of the millennium, in particular, indicated that democracy was not yet consolidated in Mozambique. FRELIMO benefited from the disbursement of state funds and other resources for its campaign, as well as from biased reporting by the state-controlled media. RENAMO claimed that the December 1999 elections had been rigged, and refused to take up its seats in parliament until October 2000. Brazão Mazula calls this period a phase of destabilisation. According to him, democratisation, which prevailed between 1990 and 1994, corresponds to a phase of ‘real democratic cohabitation’ during which a democratic culture was established. This was done by involving all parties in programmes of national reconstruction, with the objective of strengthening their ownership of the development process. In fact, democratic cohabitation created an expectation among Mozambican citizens that they would now be entitled to debate topics of vital national importance before the taking of political decisions."