Migration in Southern Africa Migration Management Initiatives for SADC Member states

"As an overview, this paper highlights the migration situation in Southern Africa without delving into details that appear in the growing body of literature on the subject. It examines voluntary and forced international migration against the backdrop of migration management initiatives launched in the interest of SADC member states after their eventual adoption of the Draft Protocol on Facilitation of Movement of Persons. First, the paper discusses the typology of international migration in Southern Africa, giving examples of each in countries of the sub-region to provide a sweeping perspective of voluntary and forced migration. The typology of international migration in southern Africa suggests the existence of both voluntary and forced movements, as well the more elusive undocumented migration on which reliable data are lacking."