"This study set out to investigate the impact of HIV and Aids on selected fishing communities in South Africa. The goal of the research was to assist DEAT: MCM in mainstreaming HIV/Aids into fisheries policy through ethnographic and in-depth analysis on how poverty and gender, as well as social-economic and socio-cultural factors are linked to HIV/Aids in fishing communities. The key research questions were: To investigate the nature of the underlying factors contributing to HIV/ Aids in selected fishing communities in South Africa and to assess the current HIV/Aids legislation and the National Strategic Plan for HIV/Aids and Sexually Transmitted Infections (NSP) and advise DEAT: MCM about how to mainstream this into its policy and activities."