"This section sets the pace by reviewing the evolution of debates around gender and bioenergy and how they relate to developing countries. Energy and gender debates contextualize energy poverty as having a woman/gender dimension. Out of the 1.3 billion people currently living in poverty, 70%are women (Clancy, 2004). In developing countries, women are depicted as energy managers and are responsible for provision of household energy needs in addition to food. The commonest source of this household energy is biomass which plays an enormously important role in the lives of the rural poor in developing countries, in the form of wood for cooking and heating."