Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in the Development Process in Uganda

This paper has reviewed the potential impacts of climate change on Uganda and illustrated possible adaptation measures taking into consideration social, economic and environmental trends and sources of vulnerability. Agriculture remains the backbone of the economy and in order to contribute to climate change adaptation, its development should take place in such a way as to improve livelihood security, in particular among the poorest. However, it is important that other livelihood strategies including pastoralism are also given adequate attention. Due to the relatively limited information on adaptation to climate change in Uganda, an in-depth look at the traditional coping strategies and livelihood adjustments to climatic changes could offer some insights on how adaptation to extreme climate events and long-term climate change may best be promoted among the various livelihood groups.