Local Catalysts, Global Reactions: Cycles of Conflict in the Mano River Basin

"The Mano River Basin is perhaps best known for the Revolutionary United Front’s campaign of amputation during Sierra Leone’s civil war from 1991 to 2002. The area encompassed by Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, and Guinea is rich in diamonds, timber, and cocoa, but incredibly poor in governance, stability, and literacy. There are a number of complexly interwoven threats to the fragile peace in Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea, and to the difficult stalemate in Côte d’Ivoire. Broadly, these threats are driven by three overarching and interlinked themes: the movement of displaced people; the failure to reintegrate and return them to their homes in the postconflict context; and the influence of illicit trade."