"While UN electoral certification in Côte d’Ivoire did not prevent parties from contesting the election results, the Ivorian case shows the utility and limits of certification as a tool in the UN electoral toolbox. Maintaining flexibility in the definition and implementation of election certification mandates — rather than a rigid approach — may be the key to the successful use of this tool in post-conflict situations. The UN should work closely with regional and continental organizations when deciding whether to certify a post-conflict election. If the decision to undertake certification is made, it should be enshrined in the legal framework governing the post-conflict election and the UN should define and clarify post-certification follow-up measures."