Land in Zambia plays a vital role in sustaining livelihoods, ensuring food security and reducing poverty. If people are not able to access land (including communal interests, such as lands for grazing or access to water resources), they will be unable to secure rights over their land, participate in decisions over land that they occupy or use, or undertake diverse activities that improve their livelihoods, such as farming and fishing. Zambia has seen a rise in large-scale land acquisitions that have led to several communities around the country being displaced. These displacements pose risks to the food security, tenure security and sustainable livelihoods of the poor communities.The Zambia Land Alliance(ZLA)has undertaken this study with the aim of assessing the processes and procedures that guide large-scale land acquisitions, as well as understanding the social and economic impacts on the affected communities. In this research, a key factor in determining socio-economic impact has been to assess the role of participation by the affected communities in the processes of displacement.