Land Inequality, Gender Land Disparity and Poverty in Rural Zimbabwe

Access to arable land is a crucial avenue for reducing poverty and hunger in poor countries. Over the past four decades, Zimbabwe redistributed vast quantities of arable land to the landless, women and poor communal farmers to reduce inequality. For instance, the Fast-Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) was implemented in the early 2000s following a number of earlier land reforms. Yet, poverty and gender disparity in land ownership have continued to be noticeable. Although equality in land ownership has been identified as one of the main drivers of income equality and therefore poverty reduction in many poor countries, high income inequality and poverty in Zimbabwe remain a major concern despite the visible land redistribution policies. Reducing inequalities in both the economic and social spheres through inclusive growth is recognized as central to the improvement of the well-being of societies and therefore an obligation for the 2030 Agenda. Studies on gender and macroeconomics argue that improving equality in the economic sphere, such as equality in the means of production like land, will not only promote gender equality but will also significantly promote inclusive growth and reduce poverty.