'The paper considers the performance of the textile and clothing sector in Botswana, and reviews various national and international incentive schemes aimed at developing textile and clothing exports. The analysis shows that the policies and preferential trade regimes helped establish the sector and still play a central role in its continued operation. The sector does not operate as yet on the basis of any comparative or commercial advantage. However, the sector has failed to take advantage of existing trade preferences because it is faced with many challenges stemming from the cost of production and the efficiency of the sector.'