The International Property Markets Scorecard is a tool jointly developed by the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) and the International Real Property Foundation (IRPF) in order to map the institutional components of property markets and evaluate their effectiveness. The Scorecard provides a methodology for property market system analysis to investigate the six core elements necessary for sustainable property market development – property rights laws and enforcement, access to credit by small businesses, efficiency of governance, rational dispute resolution, financial transparency, and appropriate regulations. In Kenya, CIPE and the Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) have been working together to use the Scorecard methodology to examine the strength of urban, commercial property markets in two major cities and highlight barriers that small businesses face, with the particular focus on property rights and access to credit by small businesses.