The Judicial System in Somaliland

A critical measure of the transitional administration of war torn country is its success in providing security and the rule of law to its people. These can only be realized when there are functioning institutions to uphold them. Somalia’s legal, judicial and law enforcement institutions collapsed during the civil war. State responsibility for guaranteeing personal safety, protection of private property, and freedom of movement was lost. Social norms were violated and a state of lawlessness prevailed. Rebuilding government institutions and restoring law and order has been daunting task in Somaliland. Since 1993 there has been steady progress in reestablishing the foundations of the judicial system: legal codes, courts, jails and law enforcement agencies. Yet the re-establishment of the rule of law continues to face many challenges.