Incidence of Indigenous, Emerging and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers' Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi

Dry spells or drought and floods as a result of climate change is a serious problem for smallholder farmers in Malawi because agriculture is their main livelihood. Food shortages and low income levels mean inability of farmers to participate in day to day economic activities. The question that this study tried to address was: What are the indigenous, innovative and emerging climate change adaptation technologies for smallholder farmers' livelihood security?