Incidence of Indigenous, Emerging and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers' Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi

"Prolonged dry spells or droughts and floods as a result of climate change are a serious problem for smallholder farmers in Malawi, because agriculture is their main livelihood strategy. Food shortages and low income levels due to climate change impacts mean inability of farmers to actively participate in the day to day economic activities. Low income levels can also be translated into lack of access to basic needs of life that are purchased with money. Farmers that have mainly been affected with this problem are those that have land allocations in the Shire River Valley in Chikhwawa and Nsanje Districts. Understanding of the indigenous and innovative climate change adaptation strategies would assist smallholder farmers and policy makers, civil society organisations and the private sector to design programs that can assist farmers to build resilience against climate change impacts for their sustainable livelihoods. This paper therefore assessed the incidence of indigenous, innovative climate change adaptation strategies for smallholder farmers' livelihood security in Chikhwawa district. Factors that affect adoption of such strategies were also analyzed and discussed."