The information in this brief is based on a research project carried out by Practical Action Consulting with support from the Institute of Development Studies, commissioned by and supported by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), to provide evidence on the advantages and challenges of integrating a gender dimension into climate compatible development strategies in urban settings, with a focus on Peru, India and Kenya. Although considerable evidence exists pertaining to rural areas, significant knowledge gaps can be found in relation to climate compatible development and gender in urban areas. The focus in this study is on urban areas of Kisumu in the Western part of Kenya, and in particular on the five-year project ‘People’s Plans into Practice: Building Productive and Liveable Settlements with Slum Dwellers in Kisumu’ project, also known as the PPP project.