Housing Policies in Africa & Brazil: The Role of PPPs for Low-Income Housing
Housing is part of the United Nations 11th Sustainable Development Goal, which is to “make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”. One of the most important targets of such a goal is to “ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums”. Since 2007, the world has faced rising inequality, insecurity and climate change impact. According to UN Habitat, 54% of the world´s population currently live in cities. By 2050, this number should reach 60%. A new vision is required to plan and finance housing with the improvement of living conditions. The purpose of this policy brief is to discuss how to deal with decreasing government funds for public housing through Public Private Partnerships(PPPs), to address the challenges of public housing needs, and how governmental programs may at times crowd out private interest in public housing, through PPPs.