Health Inequality across Populations of Individuals

"The focus of this paper is inequality, a broad concept that examines the dispersion of the distribution of health. The measurement of inequality is independent of the mean, and it is thus a relative concept. This, of course, distinguishes the concept of inequality from poverty or some other indicator of the absolute level of well-being; in the case of the latter, attention is focused on those households and individuals who fall below some normative threshold."