Guinea Bissau is a country located on the coast of West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of a mainland on the continent - where the majority of the population lives - and close to 80 archipelagos on the ocean, of which only 20 are habited. The country’s population is approximately 2 million people comprised of several ethnic groups. Guinea Bissau’s economy, like many African economies in the region, is highly dependent on the export of primary products. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) is anchored on the sole export of cashew nuts, which represent 93% of its official export earnings. Based on the country’s history, which has involved a series of political and socio-economic challenges, the commitment of the citizens as well as regional and international partners is essential to achieving economic growth. However, persistent challenges ranging from civil war and political instability to weak governance have hindered this intended progress. The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision making and in the implementation of peace and security-related instruments.