"The paper explores the ways in which the Zambian state has been transformed under the impact of globalisation and the effect of the transformation on the provision of social services. The central argument of the paper is that Zambia's position in the world market has been a marginal one since the mid-1970s, and to the extent that globalisation has positive effects on national welfare, the country has not been positioned to reap this. Instead, the liberalisation of the economy in the 1990s and the switch to pro-market economic policies under SAP has been accompanied by deteriorating social conditions and has not yielded sustainable economic growth."