"This paper seeks to assess some of the future institutional and mandate constraints that APSA may deal with as it continues to provide a framework for engaging in conflict situations on the continent. It attempts to do this through an in-depth examination of the implementation as well as the operatio-nalisation of certain African peacekeeping and peace-building missions. By analysing these missions, from AMIB to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), the paper does not pretend to reach inviolable conclusions. Rather,its objective is to stimulate debate on the importance, for APSA, of achieving mandate and institutional clarity as it engages in Africa’s evolving security threats."