Foreign Exchange Bureaus in the Economy of Ghana
"This paper looks at the structure of this market, including the major players, the level of activity and availability of currency on the market. The paper also looks at the efficiency of the market. The intention here is to ascertain whether information is widely and cheaply available to market participants. Lastly, the paper looks at the tax generation capacity of the bureau after the legalization of the black market. The main findings are that the market pivots around traders, and that small-scale users of foreign currency benefit enormously from this market. Since a higher percentage of the traders operate within the sub-region, intra-West African trade is substantially enhanced. The paper also found that the market is generally inefficient, evidenced by the number of arbitrage opportunities that exist. However, the benefits to Ghana from the introduction of the forex bureaus include an increased availability of foreign currency, tax revenue and employment."