Agriculture is one of the main economic activities for the people of Rwanda, contributing over 30% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and provides employment to about 72% of the working population. Agricultural activities also ensure food security for all Rwandans. The Rwandan government is actively pursuing initiatives that will increase agricultural production such as the Crop Intensification Programme and Girinka Programme among others. This Climate Risk Screening Tool is primarily designed for FONERWA staff, expert reviewers and project developers to identify areas where climate risks and risk mitigation measures need to receive more attention within proposals. FONERWA staff and expert reviewers should use the tool during the project appraisal processes to flag for areas of potential climate risk. It provides reviewers with standardized feedback to project developers for consideration of climate risks. Project developers in the agriculture sector should use the tool during the FONERWA design phase as an information resource and reference document to build the justification for their proposals as climate smart proposals, with improved value for money. In this regard, the tool provides examples of risks, impacts and solutions that can be interrogated and incorporated into the project design.