"The Arab Spring that greeted North Africa and resulted in the fall of the Gadaffi regime has brought in its wake consequences that transcend national boundaries. One region in Africa that is grappling with the post Gaddafi repercussions, is the Sahel, which also faces enormous challenges relating to environment, food insecurity, terrorism and Islamic radicalization. Besides the core Sahelian states, namely, Mali, Nigeria, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad and the Central African Republic and the Darfur region of the Sudan continue to face multiple socioeconomic and security repercussions of the Arab Spring. Returnee migrants, Tuareg mercenaries and the flow of arms from Gaddafi's weapon caches have contributed to the deteriorating security situation in Mali and the wider Sahelian states. Against this background the KAIPTC and NAI, in collaboration with the Australian Government, organized a 2 day Expert's Workshop on Exploring the post Gaddafi Repercussions in the Sahel aimed at addressing the emerging security challenges."