Emerging Technologies for Building Resilience to Climate Change Effect: A Case Study in Dangbe East District of the Republic of Ghana

"The conversion of the kinetic energy in wind into electrical energy offers unique solution to the overall energy supply where resource exists as well as partial solution to the world’s over dependence on exhaustible primary energy sources such as fossil fuel and their consequences which include climate change, extinction of aquatic life during spillages and so on. The coastlines of Ghana present significant wind potential which when properly harnessed could provide alternative livelihood opportunities and speed up climate change adaptation processes in those communities hard-hit by climate change effects. To establish the technical and economic potential of wind resource for energy production and productive application, there is the need to investigate the baseline frameworks and use optimized wind energy tools to generate results for effective wind energy planning. Ground wind data search and analysis, overall energy situation and energy policy environment formed the core of establishing the technical potentials and economic opportunities of wind energy in the Dangbe East District. A wind data analysis was done to establish the wind energy potential and a survey identifies innovative mechanisms adopted for building resilience and tracks changes in behavioural practices to adapt to climate change effect. A total of 360 small-scale farmers were interviewed. Phenomenal changes in weather conditions and climate events observed by respondents include erratic and unpredictable rainfall patterns with poor distributions, high temperatures with hot sunshine conditions, drought and heavy precipitations/floods."