Election Management and Observation in Southern Africa: A Comparative Review of Existing Norms, Principles and Guidelines for Democratic Elections

"This paper aims to explore critical comparative insights of the value of these instruments whose main thrust is to establish a code of ethics for ensuring best practice in election management and observation in Africa in general and Southern Africa in particular. The paper, therefore, represents a modest attempt to provide an analytic and practical review of the way in which the AU, SADC-PF, EISA/ECF and SADC election observation adds value to democratization and management of election-related disputes."