Stresses that successful land reform is more than just throwing people on patches of soil but it also requires helping newly settled farmers adapt to commercial techniques, build up working capital and improve knowledge of quality control and foreign markets. Reflects on agricultural subsidies, referring specifically to the wealthy North and the developing South. Looks at how the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA)can bring about the biggest transformation in US foreign assistance strategy in several decades. Emphasizes that state support, rule of law and collaboration are key to ensuring successful land reform in South Africa. Reports that South African farmers are taking up arms against violent attacks. Briefly reflects on land reform in southern Africa