Does Gender Matter in Adoption of Sustainable Agricultural Technologies? A Case of Push-Pull Technology in Kenya

Agriculture plays a central economic role in most sub-Saharan African countries, generating an average of 33% of GDP and employing, on average, 65% of the labor force. Most of the agricultural labor force in the region is supplied by women, who are responsible for feeding their families. However, low productivity remains a challenge, particularly among women farmers who tend to have access to fewer resources. The challenge of low agricultural productivity of female-owned farms has mainly been attributed to the lower rate of agricultural technology adoption among women, compared to men. Although most agricultural technologies are gender neutral, the project design and implementation may be biased towards men, hindering female participation. The objective of this study is to assess the gender differences in the adoption of push-pull technology and other agricultural intensification practices. Providing a better understanding of gender adoption gaps and the causes of these gaps will offer key information for designing promising agricultural policy options to boost cereal productivity, increase income growth, improve food security, and reduce poverty for both male and female farmers in sub-Saharan Africa.