"The study of the 2004 general elections in Botswana was aimed at analyzing the process of democratic consolidation in Africa's longest surviving and stable political system. In this respect, the attention falls on six areas : the impact of the electoral system; election administration; the nature of the party system; conflict management and elections; gender and elections; and civil society and elections. Through these 6 areas the research hopes to probe whether Botswana’s democracy is consolidating, stationary or reversing. The research reaffirmed the electoral outcome of the 2004 elections in which the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)emerged the victor with an overwhelming majority of parliamentary and council seats and votes."