Counting the Covert Using Data to Understand Corruption in South Africa

Concern about corruption in South Africa has increased in recent years. There is often a lack of specificity when it is widely discussed. To address this problem a greater degree of precision is needed as to when corruption is reported on or analysed. This monograph aims to engage with questions such as the following : Is bribery different from procurement corruption or nepotism in the employment domain? Should we assume that corrupt actions generally involve two discrete Parties, when developing strategies to address corruption? Does corruption inevitably involve role-players from the private sector? In relation to this, is it meaningful to talk about private sector corruption? What should be made of surveys that claim to quantify overall levels of bribery or levels of exposure to corruption by people accessing services from government departments? Should data from surveys be regarded as a reliable guide to overall levels of corruption?