"Organised crime is increasing in Dakar, Senegal, involving drug trafficking, illicit pharmaceutical products and cybercrime. The implications for urban governance range from the risk of undermining the rule of law to state governance being weakened and replaced by criminal governance. Solutions that are well informed, comprehensive and sustainable are required. They should also involve subregional and international collaboration. The government needs to identify the actors involved, improve law enforcement, adapt relevant laws to newly emerging needs and adopt a comprehensive approach to the problem, while involving civil society in finding possible solutions."