'Conflict, Peace and Patriarchy: Female Combatants in Africa and Elsewhere’ makes the case that female combatants need much more attention than they currently receive. It further argues that their engagement with violence brings for them a unique mixed experience of empowerment and exploitation. In ‘How the use of targeted sanctions can undermine peace in South Sudan’ the misguided application of targeted sanctions in South Sudan will not support peace; rather, they have the potential to foster conflict. In ‘Emerging Military – Society Interaction and Political Change in Cameroon’ the relationship between citizens and their army is changing fast, like never before in Cameroon, with unintended implications for peace and stability. In ‘The Motivations of Warlords and the Role of Militias in the Central African Republic’ warlords and their accompanying militias have become a normalised, if not macabre, part of the African socio-political landscape. In ‘South Sudan–Uganda Relations: The Cost of Peace’ the current civil war in South Sudan has impacted Ugandan politics and economy, as well as relations between the two countries. Uganda’s recently developed economic ties with South Sudan, and its hope for future market integration, add weight to its political engagement. In ‘The Hissène Habré Case: Contribution of the Extraordinary African Chambers to the Consolidation of Peace in Africa’ the Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC) was created, following an agreement between the African Union (AU) and the Republic of Senegal. In ‘Towards a Peace Journalism Approach to Reporting African Elections’ with the exception of a few countries, election periods in Africa are usually anticipated with apprehension, because so often they culminate in violence and bloodshed.