"This issue of Conflict Trends surveys the current PCR developments in Africa, highlights the challenges that are encountered during PCR and presents case studies of best practices and lessons learned. A significant lesson from South Africa very clearly illustrates that the process of PCR implementation requires lengthy time investment; the weaker the governing system and economy inherited, the lengthier the PCR process. Burundi, the DRC, Sudan, and Liberia will all have very protracted PCR phases because they lack the necessary resources to support and sustain the process. It is therefore incumbent on all stakeholders who desire a durable, sustainable peace in these countries, to make concerted efforts to provide the necessary resources for the successful implementation of PCR processes and not merely shift their attention and resources to the next media spotlight country in Africa!"