Comprehensive Scoping and Assessment Study of Climate Smart Agriculture Policies in Mozambique
The present Comprehensive Scoping and Assessment Study is aimed at evaluating how smallholder farmers are coping with climate changes and how the Government of Mozambique is strategising its policies in order to increase agricultural productivity and strengthen the resilience of vulnerable smallholder farmers to the impact of climate change. The results of the study indicate that Mozambique is vulnerable to climate change (CC), which is expected to increase the frequency and intensity of the extreme weather events. The most vulnerable sectors to CC are identified as (i) agriculture, (ii) energy, (iii) transport infrastructure, notably roads, and (iv) coastal areas. Most of the farmers’ adaptation to new climate changes tend to be spontaneous and does not constitute a conscious response to climatic stimuli. Coping Strategies in be spontaneous and does not constitute a conscious response to climatic stimuli. Coping Strategies in Mozambique include expanding cultivation, reducing fallow, switching crops, engaging in wage employment, vegetal charcoal production, timber and brick production, temporary/permanent migration (to gain access to land or markets).