Completing the Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process of Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Link to Security Sector Reform of FARDC

"This situation report examines the demo- bilisation process in the DRC, including the factors impacting on the process, the new Army Reform plan, the role of the STAREC and UNSSSS plans, challenges,recommendations and the way forward. Demobilisation in the DRC is aimed at three groups: The Congolese militias, including CNDP and the Mai-Mai, The Congolese army, FARDC, Foreign armed groups, including the FDLR and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Two processes are used: the demobilisation of the Congolese army and militias is implemented through DDR processes, while the demobilisation of the foreign armed groups is implemented through the disarmament,demobilisation,repatriation, reintegration or resettlement (DDRRR) processes co-ordinated by MONUSCO and funded by the World Bank. The non-completion of these processes presents the most immediate obstacle to the effective reconstruction of the army and ensuring stability in the eastern DRC."