"This Policy Brief is based on synthetic studies undertaken by participants in the Cross Sectoral Commons Governance in Southern Africa (CROSCOG) project between 2007 and 2009. The objective of the project was to share existing research and experience in the governance of large-scale natural resource commons across various ecosystem types in southern Africa. CROSCOG took its starting point as the insight of Turner (2002), that ‘finding long-term solutions to natural resource degradation in Africa means finding ways to identify; reproduce and encourage existing positive practices of commons management across wide scales in order to meet the two major inter-related challenges for governance of commons; conservation of natural resource biodiversity and poverty alleviation’. The programme’s work spanned fisheries; floodplains; and grasslands, savannas and forest patches."