Climate-smart Agriculture in Uganda
Uganda’s agricultural sector covers a wide range of activities including the production of traditional cash crops (coffee, sugar cane, cotton and tea) and food crops (banana, cassava, maize, sorghum, finger-millet, potatoes and beans) and keeping livestock (cattle, goats, pigs and poultry). Relatively poor soil quality due to degradation has resulted in low productivity of crops in Uganda and yields are significantly below potential. Post-harvest losses are as high as 40 percent. Uganda has, since 2015, a National Climate Change Policy (NCCP) in place, which is derived from the Constitution and reflects Uganda Vision 2040. The priorities in the NCCP have furthermore been integrated into the Second National Development Plan (NDP II) 2015/16 – 2019/2020. In addition to this, Uganda has a National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), as well as a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) in the process of being developed. There is currently no specific CSA policy or strategy in place in Uganda. However, the Agriculture Sector Strategic Plan identified CSA as a cross-cutting concern and has identified six core CSA actions.