This working paper documents Rwanda’s lessons related to national-level climate change planning, captured as part of the “Lesson Learning from National Climate Compatible Development (CCD) Planning” study. Rwanda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Mozambique participated in the study, which aimed to capture and share institutional memory and experiences related to climate compatible development, and reflect on recommendations to support future decisions. The study was funded by CDKN and facilitated by the Centre for International Development and Training (CIDT) at the University of Wolverhampton. Rwanda’s national learning study was undertaken from July 2013 to February 2014, through a literature review and semi-structured interview and questionnaire process involving over 30 stakeholders. A stakeholder’s workshop was held in Kigali, Rwanda, in February 2014 to validate the key lessons and results. Discussions explored key drivers, challenges, opportunities and lessons that could be shared within Rwanda and with other interested countries. The working paper highlights some of the results of this process across Rwanda’s priority thematic areas: governance and institutional arrangements; legislation, policies and strategies; mainstreaming, planning and budgeting; financing; and knowledge generation. This brief also summarises recommendations from the study to inform future work.