Climate Change Awareness and Adaptation in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
"Climate change is a major issue around which global development policy is being framed over the past few years. Because of low adaptive capacities and the projected impacts of climate change, a consensus has emerged that developing countries are more vulnerable to climate change than developed countries. This is due to the predominance of rain-fed agriculture in their economies, the scarcity of capital for adaptation measures, their warmer baseline climates and their heightened exposure to extreme weather events. The Niger Delta region of Nigeria is known to be particularly vulnerable because of its fragile ecosystem and human activities such as gas flaring that have heightened the propensity of climate change and its impacts in the region. Unfortunately, knowledge of Niger Delta farmers about climate change leaves much to be desired. Recognizing this, the present study sought to investigate farmers’ level of awareness of climate change and potential adaptive measure for climate change in the region. The purpose of the study is to examine the level of awareness of Niger Delta communities about impacts of climate change and to identify and document innovations and practices for climate change adaptation by farmers in the study area. The results also indicate that the farmers have practiced some innovative indigenous measures for climate change adaptation for many years. This study concludes that extension workers, the media, researchers and civil society groups have something to learn from the Niger Delta farmers and could assist in diffusing these innovations for widespread adoption in other communities."