Child Labour and Poverty Linkages : A Micro Analysis from Rural Malawian Data

"This study assesses the impact of income and asset poverty on child work using the rural sub sample of the 2004 Malawi Integrated Household Survey. Instrumenting consumption expenditure with a location dummy variable and interacting consumption expenditure with household land-holding size in probit models, the likelihood of child labour is found to relate negatively with household consumption. On the other hand child labour relates positively with household land-holding size for consumption poor households only and when labour markets are imperfect. These findings do not discourage asset accumulation policies as a remedy against child labour but supports policies that aim at increasing returns on the assets."