"This monograph contains most of the papers presented at the conference on Building stability in Africa: The challenge for the next millennium that was organised by the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria, South Africa, from 22 to 24 November 1999. The conference sought to place the focus of discussions on the challenges facing Africa in the 21st century. The result was a rich discussion of the nature of African conflicts, trends in peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance, regional capacity building, comparative perspectives, doctrines and related subjects."