Brazilian and Moroccan Policies for Sub-Saharan Africa: Description and Elements for Assessment

Since the beginning of the century, Brazil and Morocco have implemented active and diversified strategies for building relationships with the rest of Africa, and more specifically the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. To a great extent, the motivation for these strategies was political as they were part of national foreign policy frameworks which prioritized South-South relations. The political motivation of the two countries’ strategies explains the importance that the cooperation dimension plays in both of them. Sub-Saharan Africa has been the field chosen for a new type of public policy, for both Brazil and Morocco: the offering of cooperation to developing countries by two countries which historically have been recipients of foreign cooperation. However, the economic dimension of Brazil and Morocco’s African strategies was no less important, and policy instruments, as well as public and private actors, were mobilized around this dimension. The result of this mobilization was the growth of trade and investment flows between on the one hand, Brazil and Morocco, and on the other, the Sub-Saharan countries.