Brazil: The Dialectical Nature of Security and Integration in South America

"Globalization has brought new and dangerous challenges to the Brazilian national project. Whereas the neoliberal agenda led to the opening of the country’s internal market and the privatization/de-nationalization of strategic public enterprises (weakening the state’s ability to act), the international system that emerged after the end of the Cold War demanded that nations on the periphery of global power structures take part in so-called ‘international regimes’. These regimes, among other things, pressed medium-power countries such as Brazil to reduce their defence capabilities and accept new supranational governance mechanisms monitored by the most powerful nations."