There is no question that the establishment of the African Union and the adoption of the NEPAD are good auguries for Africa’s quest for political stability, regional integration and economic development. There is also no question that African leaders have recognized the need to take the responsibility to address Africa’s challenges. But there is no doubt that much more commitment and perseverance will be needed on the part of African countries. Integrating NEPAD into the processes and structures of the AU will be an important part of Africa’s making of that commitment. The process of integration is work in progress. The most important criteria for a well functioning process is that it is cost effective and eliminates any potential for duplication in the three components of integration: statutory, functional and financial. Inasmuch as there is a common understanding that Africa’s transformation is a shared goal, I am confident that the integration can proceed smoothly.