"The principal intention of this situation report is to evaluate what is believed to be one of the main obstacles to peace: the lack of progress in the reform of DR Congo’s security sector. The continuing war in eastern DRC is a reminder of the paramount importance of reforming the security sector if DR Congo’s post-war state-building exercise is to stand a chance of success. This situation report attempts to shed some light on these issues through an analysis of the political and security dynamics that made the recent resumption of war possible. More generally, it looks into the way SSR has been conducted in the DRC since the transition period."