"This issue focuses on recent arms control developments undertaken by African states. This year has been particularly significant with regard to Africa’s participation in international arms control and disarmament agreements. The Treaty of Pelindaba (Africa’s Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone Treaty) entered into force in July 2009 after Burundi submitted its instrument of ratification. Burkina Faso and Moldova also ratified the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) on the 16th of February 2010, triggering entry into force of this convention on the 1st of August 2010. There has been significant progress in Central Africa with the adoption of the Kinshasa Convention. This is the first legal instrument for the control of small arms in Central Africa and it will open for ratifications on 1 November 2010."