Anti-Terrorism Measures in South Africa: Suspicious Transaction Reporting and Human Rights

The consistent increase in terrorist acts continues to be a major drawback to the development of countries. Terrorism became a serious risk and poses a huge threat to society. There are two factors that exacerbate this threat: first is the challenge of finding a definition suited to the terrorism phenomenon; the second is linked to the difficulty of detecting this crime. As it is accepted that terrorism causes human distress and suffering, and weakens the basic rights and freedoms of people, measures are taken to alleviate this scourge. In this article, mechanisms that relate to the duty to report transactions – so-called suspicious transaction reports – are analysed. It is accepted that these should operate in frameworks that show respect for human rights, for example, the rights to privacy and confidentiality. Accordingly, suspicious transactions should be reported reasonably and must be justifiable in the circumstances.