"The research findings identify a variety of land use activities and a range of choice decision factors. The diversity of crops and mixed stock is shown to respond to good yields and easy management. The socio-economic characteristics of the sample seem to underline that the people are greatly constrained to engage in more lucrative activities. Formal education is limited to primary level, which could make the farmers less amenable to land use and management innovations. Landholding units are small and labour is in short supply.The study also reveals that people utilise both indigenous and conventional environmental management practices and that they are aware of the pressing environmental problems or production hazards, mainly soil erosion, drought and fuelwood scarcity. Intercropping is most visible as an indigenous resource management practice. Similarly some indigenous tree species, for example,Msangu, have potential soil fertility enhancement capacity while others have medicinal and nutritive value."