Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Liberia: Empirical Evidence

In many African countries, food security at both the national and household level is a dismal. Africa has the highest prevalence of under nourishment. In West African sub-region, Liberia and Sierra Leone are among those with the highest rate of under nourishment in the continent with 1.4 and 2.3 million undernourished people respectively in 2002. In Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, the majority of households are food insecure, especially the rural farming households. Climate change is a serious risk to poverty reduction and threatens to undo decades of development efforts through direct negative effects on production and indirect impacts on purchasing powers. The study ascertained climate change adaptation and food security situations in Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Liberia using the Agricultural Innovations System Framework.